According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 34 million Americans—about one in ten—have diabetes. Type 2 is most common in 90-95 percent of cases. “With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at a normal level,” he explains of the condition, which develops over many years but usually doesn’t. It is diagnosed in adults. Fortunately, type 2 diabetes is preventable and your chances of developing it can be reduced with a few key lifestyle choices, explains Dr. Sunita Posina, MD, board-certified internist from New York City. To learn about some of the everyday habits that can lead to diabetes—and don’t miss them, to ensure your health and the health of others Signs Your Illness Is Actually Coronavirus in Disguise.
When someone is diagnosed with diabetes, one of the most important changes they have to make with their diet, as it raises blood sugar, explains Dr. Pausina. “It’s important to start by learning about the different foods and what to avoid and which foods can cause significant glycemic fluctuations,” she tells WebMD. “It’s also important to reduce high-glycemic foods and avoid processed foods.”
Apart from diet, Dr. Posina tells that it is also important to keep your weight in balance through exercise. “Studies have shown that 30 to 45 minutes of aerobic activity is important to our health,” she tells WebMD. “Exercise specifically helps improve blood glucose control in type 2 diabetes and also reduces cardiovascular risk.”
Keep the pack down if you want to avoid diabetes. “Smoking makes blood sugar management difficult because nicotine can reduce the efficacy of insulin and increase the need for insulin in smokers,” Dr. Pausina says.
Lack of proper sleep on regular basis causes hormonal imbalance and most importantly with increase in cortisol levels which causes rise in blood sugar levels, Dr. Pausina explains. “This causes less insulin release after a meal, which leads to a rise in blood sugar,” she says. Additionally, lack of proper sleep affects your appetite, and can lead to late-night snacking and other bad habits, “all of which can make diabetes difficult to manage.”
Dr. Posina explains that skipping meals can lower your blood sugar and even more especially if you are taking medications. “It’s very important that you don’t skip your breakfast and be careful about it,” she says.
While occasional stress is fine, persistent stress triggers hormonal imbalances, with cortisol levels most commonly affected, “which directly affect insulin and blood sugar,” Dr. Pausina says.
It’s not good to hear, but diabetes can be life-threatening. “Someone with type 2 diabetes is likely to have a reduced life expectancy, as a result of the condition, by 10 years,” says one. report good. “People with type 1 diabetes have traditionally lived short lives, with life expectancy cited as being less than 20 years.” Change your bad habits for the better, and see a doctor if you think you may be getting diabetes. For Yourself: To Stay Healthy From This Pandemic, Don’t Miss These 35 places you’re most likely to catch COVID.