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UN official warns of areas open to attack on digital technologies


UNITED NATIONS – The UN disarmament chief warned Tuesday that digital technologies are lowering barriers to malicious infiltration and opening up potential areas for governments, armed groups, terrorists and criminals to carry out attacks, including across international borders. Huh.

Izumi Nakamitsu said at the United Nations Security Council meeting on cybersecurity that “there has been a dramatic increase in the frequency of malicious incidents in recent years” ranging from disruption to the disruption of computer networks, leading to “low trust and low trust between nations”. Contributing to “Faith”.

The political and technical difficulty of determining responsibility for cyber attacks “could have significant consequences, including unexpected armed reactions and escalation,” she warned. “These dynamics may encourage states to adopt an aggressive posture for hostile use of these technologies.”

As of January, Nakamitsu said, the Internet had more than 4.6 billion active users worldwide and is estimated to have 28.5 billion “network devices” connected to the Internet by 2022, a significant increase from 18 billion in 2017.

“As advances in digital technologies continue to revolutionize human life, we must be vigilant in our understanding of the malicious use of such technologies that could endanger the safety of future generations,” he said. “Digital technologies are increasingly putting pressure on existing legal, humanitarian and ethical norms, non-proliferation, international stability and peace and security.”

Over the past 15 years at the United Nations, she said, five groups of government experts have recommended measures to combat cyber threats and a sixth group and an open-ended working group that includes all 193 member states of the United Nations. Recently adopted “concrete action”. Oriented recommendations” for a preliminary framework on responsible government behavior in the use of information and communication technologies.

Thomas-Greenfield cited the targeting of software company SolarWinds and Microsoft’s Exchange Server as examples, saying that malicious cyber activity often does not occur within limits.

He said the “rules of the road” that government experts and the working group have worked hard to develop must now be put into practice.

At the same time, Thomas-Greenfield said, Internet freedom must be protected and “the same rights that people have offline – including the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly – must also be protected online.” “

Estonia, which chaired the council this month, organized the meeting. Its prime minister, Kaja Kailas, who presided, said the solution to malicious actors in cyberspace is to ensure that all countries “collectively play the role of guardians.”

“Estonia firmly believes that existing international law, including the United Nations Charter, international humanitarian law as a whole, and international human rights law, apply in cyberspace,” she said.

Kalas said implementing the framework agreed by both government experts and the working group is “a major goal for the international community,” but there is also a need for regional activities and cyber threats that the private sector, civil society and academia must tackle.

β€œIt is no secret that states are developing cyber operations to support their military and national security capabilities. In fact, the United Kingdom is one of them,” he said. Will use it to protect us from those who want to harm us.”

Ahmed said the challenge is to clarify how rules of international law apply to state activities in cyberspace, “to bend the rules against malicious actors and enforce consequences for those who commit malicious cyber activity.”

In December 2019, the United Nations General Assembly approved a Russian-written resolution to begin the process of drafting a new international treaty to combat cybercrime, over objections from the European Union, the United States and other countries.

Russian Ambassador Vasily Nebenzia on Tuesday called on all countries to “make a meaningful contribution” to the work of the committee to draft the convention by 2023.

They welcomed multilateral discussions at the United Nations by government experts and the Working Group, but expressed concern over “the resolve by some technologically advanced states to militarize the information space by promoting the concept of ‘preventive military cyber attacks’ … Against critical infrastructure.”

Nebenzia said this is contrary to the goal of preventing conflicts in cyberspace and Russia regards it as “an attempt by some actors to impose their own ‘rules of the game’ in the information space from a position of force.”

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